When the foundationlist is not in top shape, a building will face regular structural issues that can render it unfit for habitation. It is therefore important for you to keep a watch for the most common foundation problems like shifting, bowing and bulging and cracking. If you spot symptoms for any of these common problems, you must get it repaired at once. Left to itself, a minor trouble area can easily escalate into major issues, leading to huge expenditure and hassles.
Why do Foundations develop Faults?
Foundation issues typically arise if the building is constructed over unstable land. Whenever the land beneath moves or subsides, the foundation is affected severely leading to the development of cracks or bends. Extreme fluctuations in temperature or excessive moisture accumulation around the foundation (due to shoddy construction or faulty gradient) are also considered as prime causes.
A shifting foundation makes a building extremely unsafe for habitation and the situation must be remedied immediately. Typical symptoms include jammed doors or window panes, tilted chimney etc. The best way to tackle the issue is to install robust steel piers into the ground all around the foundation.
Heavy-duty brackets are then used to connect the foundation with the piers in such a way that there is no scope of further shifting or caving-in of the foundation. Strong steel tubes are hydraulically inserted through the soil to reach a stable stratum. The entire structure is then carefully shifted, with the help of the steel piers, onto the stable strata to give it permanent stability.
Bowing and Bulging Foundation
It is common for foundations to either bend inward or bulge out. Common symptoms include leaning walls or walls that have developed cracks or bulges. Galvanized steel rods and plates are extensively used to stabilize a foundation and prevent further bulging or buckling.
Stable soil is first identified adjacent to the foundation and the steel rods are inserted through holes made in the basement wall into the soil. Plates are then used to fix the rods onto the basement wall to provide it with added strength. Your foundation thus receives more stability and can even straighten out completely over time.
Cracks in the Foundation
If left untreated, cracks on foundation widen over time and threaten the very stability of the building. Cracks also increase the risk of water seepage, basement flooding and pest infestation. Cracks are tackled by repair and waterproofing your foundation. The cracked area is dug up; the walls cleaned a coat of primer added.
Next, polyurethane or epoxy foam substance is injected into the individual cracks. After adequate drying time, a waterproof membrane is applied over the entire surface. Finally, weeping tiles and sump pit along with a sump pump are installed depending on the condition of the structure.
Well that’s all I have to say about this subject. I hope this information will be useful to you. The trick with foundation repairs is to affect the repairs sooner rather than later. You will save yourself a lot of headache and money in the long run!